Chicago (17th ed.) / Turabian (9th ed.)

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The Chicago Manual of Style/Turabian citation style includes two systems for citations: a notes and bibliography system and the author-date system. The notes and bibliography system is most commonly used in history courses. This system uses footnotes/endnotes and a bibliography. Always check with your professor or teacher to confirm which Chicago/Turabian citation system you should use.

Citation Basics

Books

Periodicals

Online Content

Audio / Video / Photo / Art

Academic Sources

Other Source Types

Reference Materials

 


Published May 7, 2012. Updated January 28, 2020

Edited by Michele Kirschenbaum and Elise Barbeau. Michele Kirschenbaum is a dedicated school library media specialist and the in-house librarian at EasyBib.com. Elise Barbeau is the Citation Specialist at Chegg. She has worked in digital marketing, libraries, and publishing.

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